1. Energy usage
The more energy you use, the higher your bill. The less energy you use, the lower your bill will be.
Your home's energy usage will depend on the size of your home, the number of people living in it, its energy efficiency and how many appliances or devices you use.
The size of your house - The larger your home is, the more energy your central heating system will need to heat your home. If you live in a one-bedroom flat, the amount of energy needed to heat that area is going to be less than if you moved to a four-bed house. For each extra bedroom, your home has, you would roughly expect to use an extra 2,500kWh of gas per year to heat that extra space.
More people in your home will also lead to higher energy usage. There are more meals that need cooking, and more phones that needed charging for example. The average energy bill for a two-bedroom flat, with two people, will be quite different to a two-bedroom flat with four people. Likewise, if your household has an Electric Vehicle, your electricity consumption will be higher than households with petrol or diesel cars.
Energy efficiency - How well your home retains heat also plays a very important role in how much energy you use when heating your home. If your home is poorly insulated, your central heating will need to work harder and use more energy to maintain the temperature of your home. A typical house with no insulation will lose 33% of heat through walls and 25% through the roof. You would also expect a detached house to be less energy efficient when compared with a similar-sized terraced house, as there is a greater chance of heat loss through walls.
You can find out more about making your home better insulated with our insulation information page.
The energy rating on your appliances also matters. Energy-hungry appliances from different brands like fridges, ovens, kettles, and lights may use energy quite differently from one another, leading to varied energy usage. Purchasing A-rated appliances can help you reduce your bills as the better the rating, the more efficient the appliance, so the more you'll save in the long term.
Here are three of our favourite energy savings tips to get you started with being more energy efficient:
- Turning down the thermostat just one degree lower could save you up to £128 a year.
- Turn down the flow temperature on your combi boiler to save up to £112 a year.
- Get a smart meter if you're an EDF customer to see exactly how much you're spending on energy.
Find out more about our favourite energy savings tips that you can do right now to cut your energy usage and save on your bills.
2. The type of tariff you're on & meter type
Standard Variable Tariff vs Fixed Tariffs - With fixed tariffs, you pay a set unit price for your gas and electricity over the course of the fixed contract. Therefore, the unit price you pay does not change even if the wholesale energy prices change. Due to the current energy price rises, most energy suppliers are unable to offer any fixed tariff deals at the moment. We can email you when we have better deals in the market again. Sign up for Energy Price Alerts.
A Standard (Variable) tariff means your unit costs can change due to changes in wholesale energy prices as long as they don't exceed Ofgem's price cap (or, at the moment, the Government Energy Price Guarantee).
Meter type: Depending on your meter type, two very similar households may be charged different amounts.
The most common type of meter is a standard electricity meter. With this meter, your electricity will cost the same at any point in the day. Standard meters are quickly being replaced with smart meters for those that are eligible. The great thing about smart meters is that you don't have to take meter readings. Instead, they're sent automatically to your energy provider. This ensures your bills are based on your actual use rather than estimates.
However, you may have an economy 7 meter or another time-of-use meter. This is where there are two rates for your electricity; An off-peak rate for electricity, often through the night. An on-peak rate, often during the day. You pay a cheaper rate for electricity for seven hours at night (off-peak) and a higher one during the day. You can read more about this meter type in our 7 facts about economy 7 meters post.
3. The region of the UK you live in
Depending on where you live in the UK, the price of your gas and electricity will vary slightly.
The different prices reflect the different network costs associated with delivering energy to your home in that region.
You read more about how energy is delivered to your home in our National Grid blog post.
4. The method you use to pay your bill
The payment method you use to pay your bill can impact the price of your gas and electric unit rates.
Most customers opt to pay via Direct Debit. Most suppliers offer a Direct Debit discount on unit rates to ensure you get the lowest unit rate of all payment methods. With Direct Debit, customers can spread the higher winter costs throughout the year. Therefore, customers pay a more consistent amount each month. Sometimes your Direct Debit payment may rise or fall. Find out about the potential reasons for a Direct Debit rise.
However, some will prefer to pay the whole amount via Direct Debit whole amount or through a different payment method.
You can read more about the different payment methods available to EDF customers with our Ways to Pay page.
This post helped explain typical consumption figures in the UK and how actual consumption differs for everyone. We can all take steps to reduce our energy usage within our homes: