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Lounge with half decorated in 1998 style and the other with 2023 tech and design

Now That’s What I Call (Carbon) Progress!

By EDF | Posted January 12, 2024

Making TikTok pasta or settling down to Strictly may have less impact on your carbon footprint than you think, as EDF data experts throwback to the ‘90s.

  • New analysis shows that people’s carbon footprint of everyday activities, from settling down for  ‘Strictly Saturday’ to dialling into a Zoom call, has reduced significantly compared to 1990s equivalents;
  • These comparisons come as research shows over half (58%) of Brits mistakenly think the UK’s carbon footprint is worse today than it was 25 years ago;
  • EDF is marking 25 years of operation in the UK by highlighting just how much progress the nation has made in reducing its carbon footprint over the past quarter of a century.

As many Brits continue to look for ways of reducing their energy use to save cash and carbon, new data from EDF reveals that people’s greenhouse gas footprint generated through everyday activities like making a TikTok pasta dish, watching Strictly Come Dancing and dialling into Zoom calls has reduced significantly compared to their ‘90s equivalents.

To mark 25 years of operating in the UK, experts at EDF have analysed the greenhouse gas footprint associated with a selection of everyday activities in 1998 compared to their equivalents today[1], from cooking on a hob to hoovering a home. This comes as new research reveals that over half (58%) of the British public mistakenly think the UK’s carbon footprint is worse today than it was 25 years ago[2], with a third (30%) believing the nation has made no headway in reducing emissions over the last quarter of a century.

In fact, the reality is far more positive, as the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions have nearly halved since the 1990s[3]. This is due to a combination of zero-carbon energy generation from companies such as EDF, which has invested almost £25bn in its 25 years in the UK to enable households to reduce their carbon footprint and save money on their energy bills; the closure of many coal power stations; and modern upgrades designed to make technology and gadgets more energy-efficient. 

The analysis found that in 1998, the greenhouse gas impact of using a desktop computer for an hour to play Sonic Adventure was 211gCO2e, while using a laptop to dial into a Zoom meeting today is only 34gCO2e today – a huge 84% lower. Cooking a dish on an electric hob was 341gCO2e, while making a pasta dish inspired by TikTok is only 120gCO2e today - 35% lower.

Running a fridge freezer for a day would have had a carbon intensity of 938gCO2e back in the ‘90s, whilst today it is 80% lower at 183gCO2e. Watching Noel’s House Party on a conventional TV in 1998 had a carbon intensity of 180gCO2e, compared to 29gCO2e for watching Strictly Come Dancing on the latest OLED model in 2023. 





1998 Greenhouse gas impact (gCO2e)

2023 Greenhouse gas impact

% Reduction

Cooking a fried egg on an electric hob

Cooking a TikTok pasta dish on an induction hob




Heating turkey twizzlers in an electric oven

Heating nuggets in an high-tech electric oven




Running a standard dishwasher for a full load

Running a modern, efficient dishwasher for a full load




Running a fridge/freezer for 1 day

Running a fridge/freezer for 1 day




An hour spent playing Sonic Adventure on a desktop computer

An hour spent dialling into a Zoom meeting from your laptop whilst working at home




Washing a pair of Karl Kani jeans

Washing a pair of reclaimed-vintage Levi’s jeans




Vacuuming a 3-bedroom house with Henry Hoover

Vacuuming a 3-bedroom house with a Dyson cordless vacuum




Heating your Sunday roast leftovers in a conventional microwave

Heating your takeaway ramen in a modern, energy efficient microwave




Watching Noel’s House Party on a CRT TV

Watching Strictly Come Dancing on an OLED TV






1998 vehicle carbon emission (gCO2e/km)

2023 vehicle carbon emission (gCO2e/km)

% Reduction

Commuting in a Ford Mondeo

Commuting in a Peugeot E-2008




Other household activities which demonstrate this progress include using an induction hob to cook a TikTok inspired pasta dish compared to frying an egg an electric hob in 1998 (65% reduction), cooking nuggets in a high-tech electric oven versus a portion of turkey twizzlers (70% reduction) and commuting in an electric Peugeot E-2008 versus a petrol driven Ford Mondeo (74% reduction)[4]. Yet despite these huge savings, those polled believe they have only seen a carbon emission reduction of 10%, 11% and 25% respectively.

Despite the progress in adopting zero carbon electricity generation sources such as wind, solar and nuclear power, only 1 in 10 people believe this has made a major contribution to reducing the nation’s carbon footprint over the past 25 years, with 6% thinking it has made no contribution at all.

Whilst being in the dark about our progress on reducing carbon emissions, 71% of Brits are eager to play a part. Almost three-quarters (73%) have tried to minimise waste by recycling, 67% have saved energy by switching off lights and unplugging electronics, and 95% say it is important that any new appliance or product in their home is energy efficient. However, over a third (35%) are worried that what they do does not make much, or any, difference.

Philippe Commaret, Managing Director for Customers at EDF comments: “Many of us remember the days of desktop computers and CRT TVs, but most of us don’t realise just how much progress has been made in reducing the nation’s carbon footprint since the late 1990s.  In fact, this country has taken significant strides towards lower carbon living, and it's striking to see just how much greener many of our daily activities are now than they were 25  years ago. Many consumers are taking steps in their daily lives to save cost and carbon, but there are clearly still big concerns over the progress we’re making as a nation. 

“Whilst 90s nostalgia may be trending, none of us want to see the old levels of carbon intensity make a comeback in our everyday activities. As Britain’s biggest generator of zero carbon electricity, we’re committed to continuing to invest in methods such as wind, solar and nuclear to help the nation reach net zero by 2050.”

For advice on how to lower your homes’ carbon footprint and save money on your energy bills, visit EDF Energy Efficiency.



For more information contact:

EDF Press Office:

Notes to Editors

  1. Calculations took into account daily kWh output of each appliance from (Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK): Final Energy Consumption Tables 1970-2022, published 28 September 2023 multiplied by the carbon intensity of the national grid (2023 Government Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors for Company Reporting - June 2023).
  2. Research of 2,000 UK adults, conducted by One Poll in December 2023
  3. 2022 UK greenhouse gas emissions, provisional figures
  4. Vehicle comparison calculations based on GHG conversion factors 2023, UK electricity.


Lounge with half decorated in 1998 style and the other with 2023 tech and design
EDF is marking 25 years of operation in the UK by highlighting just how much progress the nation has made in reducing its carbon footprint over the past quarter of a century.

About EDF

EDF is helping Britain achieve Net Zero by leading the transition to a cleaner, low emission, electric future and tackling climate change. It is the UK’s largest producer of low-carbon electricity(1) and supplies millions of customers with electricity and gas.

It generates low carbon electricity from five nuclear power stations and more than thirty onshore wind farms and two offshore wind farms.

EDF is leading the UK's nuclear renaissance with the construction of a new nuclear power station at Hinkley Point C, and there are advanced plans for a replica at Sizewell C in Suffolk. Hinkley Point C and Sizewell C will provide low carbon electricity to meet 14% of UK demand and power around 12 million homes.

EDF is one of the UK’s largest investors in renewables, with more than 1GW of renewable generation in operation and over 5GW in construction, planning and development across a range of technologies including onshore and offshore wind, solar and battery storage. We are constructing our largest offshore wind farm in Britain – the 450 MW Neart na Gaoithe project in Scotland.

EDF is helping its customers, both in business and at home, take their first steps to sustainably powering their lives. Whether it is buying an electric car, generating and storing electricity, selling energy back to the grid or installing a heat pump. EDF is one of the largest suppliers to British business and a leading supplier of innovative energy solutions that are helping businesses become more energy independent. In addition, the company’s energy services business, Dalkia, is one of the largest technical service providers in the UK and Ireland.

EDF is part of EDF Group, the world’s biggest electricity generator. In the UK, the company employs around 14,000 people at locations across England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

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