It's not just a case of considering the different ways to heat your home: from oil to gas and electricity. You also need to consider how you spread the heat around your home – whether you use radiators, storage heaters or underfloor heating.
Radiators come in all shapes and sizes. But what they all have in common is that they’re usually water-filled, metal panels connected to a central heating system. And you typically have one in each room you want to heat.
Storage heaters are a type of electric radiator. They contain special types of bricks (made from materials, like clay) that store a lot of heat. So they generate heat overnight when electricity is cheapest. And then gradually release this throughout the next day.
Gas or electric underfloor heating relies on a series of pipes, or electric heating elements (like that found in a kettle), placed under the entire floor of a room. In water-based systems, the heat comes from a range of sources – like a boiler or heat pump. In electric systems, the elements simply heat up when switched on.
Underfloor heating has the advantage of covering a huge surface area. So it doesn’t need to get as hot but gives out an even, warm temperature. This makes underfloor heating a great match for heat pumps. As these are better at providing low, consistent heat, rather than very hot temperatures.